Understanding Capgras Syndrome: What You Need to Know
Capgras syndrome is a rare psychological disorder. “Imposter syndrome” or “Capgras delusion” are some other terms for it.
This syndrome leads individuals to have the mistaken belief that somebody they know, recognize, or love has been replaced by an imposter or a double. Nothing can undo the illusion because it is so real for those who suffer from Capgras syndrome.
Although it is often confused with “imposter syndrome,” it is distinct from the more popular “imposter syndrome” that you may be familiar with. Capgras syndrome can affect anyone, but women are more likely to be affected. It can even affect children in rare situations.
What Causes It?
Whenever you see a familiar face, your brain activates two systems. The face is scanned by the central nervous system. The expanded nerve system transmits emotional data about that face. Doctors aren’t sure how Capgras syndrome occurs, but they believe it’s caused by a faulty connection between two systems, which impairs proper face recognition.
Capgras syndrome can be caused by brain damage that creates cerebral lesions in rare situations. Since our brains analyze facial recognition in the back of the right side of the brain, this is the most common complication. In rare situations, individuals with epilepsy may develop Capgras syndrome.
Capgras syndrome is also frequently linked to dementia or Alzheimer’s disease. Both have an impact on memory and, therefore, can affect your perception of reality.
Capgras syndrome can be caused by schizophrenia, particularly paranoid hallucinatory schizophrenia. Schizophrenia can also produce delusions and alter one’s perception of reality.
What are the Symptoms?
The feeling that one’s loved ones are fake is the most noticeable symptom. No amount of logic will persuade them otherwise.
The hallucination could sometimes not only be about the people you love and are familiar with, it could also be about distant people, pets, or even items. Delusions can come and go, particularly among dementia patients. There could also be signs of an underlying condition, such as Alzheimer’s disease or a brain injury.
Who Is More Likely to Be Affected?
Capgras syndrome is difficult to study due to its rarity. The majority of what we understand comes from individual patient testimonies from specialists.
However, it was found that it’s also more common among individuals who have Parkinson’s disease or epilepsy, have had a stroke or had a serious head injury, or have schizophrenia or bipolar illness to suffer from Capgras syndrome.
Individuals with Capgras syndrome were also more likely to be middle-aged, have had previous mental health concerns, and be women.
Can It Be Treated?
Further study is needed, as there is currently no prescribed strategy for treating individuals with Capgras syndrome. However, there are treatment options that can help alleviate the symptoms.
The appropriate treatment is determined by the individual’s circumstances. It may begin with the treatment of any medical or mental conditions that may be contributing to Capgras syndrome. While the illness can be challenging to handle, regular therapy and communication can help you achieve better results.
The most successful treatment is to establish a friendly, positive atmosphere in which the individual with the syndrome feels secure.
It’s hard to deal with Capgras syndrome, so, if you have a loved one who suffers from this condition, it would be best to show compassion. A calm voice and a gentle touch will demonstrate your support and help them deal with their situation.